The Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum – Former German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp is a memorial and museum in Oświęcim (German: Auschwitz), Poland, which includes the German Nazi concentration camps Auschwitz I and Auschwitz II-Birkenau. It is devoted to the memory of the victims who died at both camps during World War II.
The Museum was created in 1947. The Memorial today is i.a. the Archive and Collections as well as research, conservation and publishing center.

Auschwitz concentration camp was set up by Germans in April 1940 to detain Polish freedom fighters and members of Polish intelligentsia. The first mass transport to Auschwitz took place on June 14, 1940. At that time, 728 political prisoners were brought from the prison in Tarnów – they were Poles and several Polish Jews.

Prisoner card of a Polish prisoner Zygmunt Gajda. The red triangle in the right opper corner of the card and on the barrack striped cloth depicted Polish prisoners

75,000 ethnic Poles and 300,000 Polish Jews were killed by Germans in Auschwitz.

Auschwitz II–Birkenau went on to become a major site of the Germany’s Final Solution to the Jewish Question. From early 1942 until late 1944, transport trains delivered Jews from all over German-occupied Europe to the camp’s gas chambers. Of the estimated 1.3 million people sent to Auschwitz, at least 1.1 million died, around 90 percent of them Jews.

Opening hours:

The Museum is open all year long, seven days a week, except January 1, December 25, and Easter Sunday. You can start the visit in the following hours:

7:30 AM – 2:00 PM December
7:30 AM – 3:00 PM January, November
7:30 AM – 4:00 PM February
7:30 AM – 5:00 PM March, October
7:30 AM – 6:00 PM April, May, September
7:30 AM – 7:00 PM June, July, August


Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum
ul. Wieźniów Oświęcimia 20
32-603 Oświęcim
Phone: +48 33 844 8000